Research Papers, Students

International System Anarchy for both Hass and Kissinger


The collapse of the Soviet Union in the late 1980s, precisely in 1989 after the fall of the Berlin wall, led to radical changes in the form of the international system. The international system was based on what was known as the era of a “bipolar system”, with the eastern camp led by the Soviet Union and the Western camp led by the United States of America. With one of its pillars collapsed, the world entered a new phase, whereas a new international system was born different from the former with the United States solely leading it, known as the era of a “unipolar system”.

Those changes emerged attempts by international relations’ intellectuals to reform the concept of “Chaos” in line with the developments occurring in the post-cold war world, by critically reviewing their intellectual and analytical theses. This concept is of great importance in explaining and understanding world politics and is considered one of the fundamental concepts in the field of international relations.

Based on the above, this paper seeks to search into the concept of chaos and the world system after the cold war ended, especially for both American intellectuals Richard Haass and Henry Kissinger. It will highlight their latest works, as both presented different theses on the concept of chaos, its reasons, and how to process it by presenting a new form of the international system post-unipolar system.

This paper concluded that the world system by Hass and Kissinger cannot become stable apart from the United States, and in case it fails to limit the disturbances, the international system’s chaos and its crisis will increase. Accordingly, the fate of the post-unipolar international system is linked to America’s ability to respond, thus affirming the American vision of the world.