International System Anarchy for both Hass and Kissinger

The collapse of the Soviet Union in the late 1980s, precisely in 1989 after the fall of the Berlin wall, led to radical changes in the form of the international system. The international system was based on what was known as the era of a “bipolar system”, with the eastern camp led by the Soviet Union and the Western camp led by the United States of America.

The Renaissance Dam Crises: Egyptian Rejection and Sudanese Wavering in Face of Ethiopian Persistence

This paper provides an analytic study for the disputes between the three African countries (Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia) concerning the Renaissance Dam crises. The main cause of the issue is Ethiopia’s obstinate position concerning the operation of the dam and its ramifications on Egypt and Sudan.


The Egyptian Position from Turkish Military Intervention in Libya: Would Egypt Militarily Intervene in Libya?

The Turkish parliament on January 2, 2020, authorized to give President Recep Tayyip Erdogan approval to send Turkish troops to Libya to support the Government of National Accord against the military groups loyal to Khalifa Haftar.

Closure of Palestinian Prisoners’ Bank Accounts: A New Phase for the Palestinian Prisoners’ Movement

The Palestinian banks received an Israeli threat for maintaining bank accounts for Palestinian prisoners. The threat implicated that maintaining these accounts implies the banks and their staff are subjected to punishment as “Accomplices in crime”. The Occupation’s authority considers it a crime for the PNA to pay salaries to prisoners and liberated prisoners.


The Renaissance Dam Crises: Imposing Fait Accompli upon Egypt and Sudan

The Renaissance Dam crisis is not new. It started in 2011, as Ethiopia announced laying the foundation stone for the dam, which reduces Egypt and Sudan’s share of the Nile River’s water. This raised Egypt’s discretion and strained the relationship between the two countries.

Escalation of Military Conflict in Libya: Background and Outcomes

This paper presents a study for Turkey’s role in the Libyan file, and how Turkey -The sole ally to the Government of National Accord- achieved many victories on the battlefield against its opponent Haftar. Haftar is in control of the Military foundation and receives support from regional and international allies.