Situation Analysis, Students

The Israeli Annexation Plan: Would the European Union Suffice with Words?


After a year of political crisis, competing electors in Israel, Benjamin Netanyahu, and Benny Gantz agreed to form a unity government, which was sworn in on May 17, 2020. This unity government prioritizes moving forward in executing what the “American plan for peace” had included, especially the imposition of Israeli sovereignty over the Jordan Valley and settlements in the West Bank. Accordingly, Josep Borrell, High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy of the European Commission announced that the European Union will not recognize any unilateral change to the 1967 borders, and the declaration of annexation is a breach of international law, expressing his great worry and condemnation over this step. The French Prime Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian also affirmed that the Israeli unilateral move would not pass without consequences on the relationship between the EU and Israel if the plan is executed.  This paper examines the European Union’s possible orientations if the Israeli government were to execute the annexation plan under the differing stances of EU states on its relationship with Israel, and the idle relationship with the current American administration.